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Practising in-depth reflection - Gibbs' Model of Reflection


Gibbs' Model of Reflection


  1. Context
  2. What has happened?
    Briefly describe the event as objectively, accurately and concisely as you can.

    Who was involved?

    Where did it happen?

    Do you intend to focus on the structure, process or outcomes of care?

  3. Thoughts
  4. What were your thoughts... the time?


  5. Feelings
  6. What were your feelings or emotions, both positive and negative... the time ?

    ...afterwards ?

  7. Evaluation
  8. How well did things go?

    Were things satisfactorily resolved?

  9. Analyse
  10. What were the factors that affected the outcome?

    What helped and what hindered?

    Can you explain the event?

    Why did it happen?

    How did it happen?

  11. Reframe
  12. What might have been some alternative actions or approaches?

    What might you have done differently (even when things went well)?

    Could negative events be avoided?

    Could positive events be made more effective?

  13. Future action
  14. What will you do if you encounter this kind of situation again?

    What will you do in the future to increase the likelihood of similar positive outcomes and minimise the likelihood of similar negative outcomes?

    What do you need to learn?

    How might you learn this?

Gibbs, G. (1988) Learning by Doing: a guide to teaching and learning methods.

  Practising In-Depth Reflection
  How to write a reflective account
  Practising in-depth reflection - Gibbs' Model of Reflection

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